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To east some City flows the river Ippari
that has its origins in three sources: in the region Boscorotondo near
Victoria, in the source Daylight in the heart of Comiso and in the
region Cifali.La centralitÓ of the job is the key of time of a system
of social life that makes of.
The City rises to the 1600 dawns last
among the installations of the ancient County of Modica.La city it is
born in the circle of a great process of colonization of new earths and
foundation of over one hundred new suburbs had brought ahead by the
nobility of the island since 1500 to 1700 but it was for a long time
particularly an intelligent investment term proposed by some
administrators of the County to the vassal, the countess Victoria
Colonna, her child's guardian count of Moderate Giovanni Alfonso
Enriquez will Zoom.
Just near the great northern necropolis of camarina
the actual fraction of Scoglitti extends him in which some historians
recognize her "Region Mesopotanium."
The demografic and economic development of Victoria is prodigious since the beginning.
For all the 600 the inhabited area widened to stain of
oil conquering the surrounding countries.
The social body is constituted by hundreds of small
growers enfiteuti coming from the other countries of the County, from
the rest of the island and from Malta.
The 1693 earthquake that whole south-oriental Sicily
destroyed, to Victoria it provoked few damages to the houses and the people but
they stayed ruined the Mother Church and two convents.
Not having collapsed entirely also, the same been
decided to reconstruct the basilica really in the area turned to commercial
zone. Such move toward the inside contributed to definitely fix the economic
axle of the city around the actual Plaza of the People that became the new
commercial hinge and the passage forced for Comiso, terranova and Scoglitti.
The I reveal some 1714 confirmation a great urbanistic
and economic development of Victoria that is magnified in all the directions
with new districts embellishing himself/herself/itself of new buildings.
You forms a new class of great owners composed by ex
massari and storekeepers that have become wealthy and imborghesiti and that they
govern the city under the iron guide of the pastors of the Rich family that you/they
will hold up in practice the city for about seventy years.
In the final part of the epoch borbonica continues the conquest of the territory with the amplification of the crops to vineyard and puts on hand to the construction of the road axle for Comiso, the roadway it is modernized for Scoglitti, ponds and swamps are reclaim to the outskirtses while the historical center embellishes him around the principal plaza.
With the growth of the economy vinicola and the
armature from Palermo the industrialists of the distillation come:
before the Florios then Ingham and Withaker and molt also the face of
the city that him arrichisce of elegant buildings and new structures
what the Theater and, in the first ones of the XX century, it will
entertain the great season of the Liberty in the principal streets and
in the countries.
The railroad Syracuse is also realized - Licata in the
years behind 900 when by now the "miracle vittoriese" you/he/she
has been crushed by the fillossera.
The fascist ventennio saw to Victoria the clandestine action of anarchists, socialist and of numerous communists that succeeded in holding the opposition lives to the regime.
According to the testimonies of the epoch, the City
seems dam in herself and in its countries and culturally expresses few, the
schools are few and for few and the svoltÓ it will happen in 1943 after the
unloading of the allied troops and the return to the liberty.
With the first elections, the first party of the City
becomes the PCI in which the votes of the mass of laborers flow, legionaries,
artisans, small dealers, while the small and middle land owners him riconsocono
in the DC and the big owners in the PLI and in the right generally.
In the fifties, in the battles for the economic
development, the conquest of the earth and the sanitary assistance, the new
managing class of the City consolidates him.
They were years of great social clashes and the
oppositions of the cold war they made him also feel to Victoria.
Clashes of plaza, strikes with struggles were melted
for the emancipation and the social and economic development of the City, driven
by the left.
The wine's crisis in that years provoked
a thick unemployment eemigrazione but already at the end of the years 50 the
horticulture to open field is a new subject reality however to the whims of the
At the end of the fifties, some men among
which Pietro Gentile, his/her brothers Bennice and Giovanni Di Stephen, invented
the serricoltura, a real revolution that apriý a great phase of development and
you/he/she brought to the creation of the first great agricultural cooperative
in the history of the city "You Rebirth."
The new way of cultivating has offered
the possibility to live not also on extensions of earth very great to numerous